China has enacted a new land border law amid a military confrontation with India

BEIJING: Insisting that China’s sovereignty and territorial integrity are “sacred and inviolable,” the country’s national legislature has passed a new law on the protection and exploitation of land borders.

The law, which will take effect on January 1 next year, states that “the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the People’s Republic of China is sacred and inviolable.”

The land border law does not necessarily change how border security is handled, but it does reflect China’s growing confidence in its ability to manage its borders.

The government will take action to protect regional integrity and land borders and fight any action that undermines them, the report said. The Chinese military and military police – the People’s Liberation Army and the People’s Armed Police – are responsible for protecting the border from any “invasion, encroachment, infiltration, provocation”.

The law states that if a war or armed conflict threatens border security, China may close its borders
, pursue a policy of equality, mutual trust and friendly consultation, and resolve land border issues through negotiations with neighboring countries following equality, mutual trust and friendly consultation. Disputes and long-standing border issues, it said.

The law states that the Chinese military will “carry out border operations”, “organize exercises” and “resolutely prevent, stop and fight aggression, aggression, provocation and other acts”.

A notable feature of the new law will include state support for the construction of border cities, improving their functionality and strengthening support capacity for construction.

The state-run Xinhua news agency reported that members of the National People’s Congress Standing Committee approved the law at the closing session of the legislature on Saturday.

The government should take steps to strengthen border security, support economic and social development, open border areas, improve public services and infrastructure, promote and support the lives of the people, work and promote there. Coordination between border security and social and economic development in border areas, it said.

In recent years China has been strengthening border infrastructure, including the establishment of air, rail and road networks. It also introduced a bullet train in Tibet, which stretches as far as the border town of Ningxi near Arunachal Pradesh.

In addition, the government-run Global Times reported on October 19 that China had begun building several villages near the border with proper infrastructure in Tibet, which has become an essential and effective part of border security.

“By the end of 2020, Tibet will have built more than 600 well-equipped, high-quality border villages and access roads to border villages.

The new law would establish trade zones and border economic cooperation zones across borders. It also calls for epidemic control and improving the ecosystem at the border in addition to flood and fire control.

China has not yet finalized border agreements with both India and Bhutan. On October 14, China and Bhutan signed a memorandum of understanding to develop a three-step roadmap to accelerate border talks, which Beijing said would make a “meaningful contribution” to the establishment of border talks and diplomatic relations.

Last week, Foreign Secretary Harsh Vardhan Shringla said advances in the actual Line of Control (LoC) in eastern Ladakh had “seriously disrupted” peace and tranquility along the border, and had an impact on broader relations.

In his remarks at a seminar on “Improving China’s Economy” on October 21, the Foreign Secretary noted that the ability of India and China to work together will determine the Asian century.

For this to come into effect, peace and tranquility in border areas is an important thing. He (Jaisankar) has made it clear that mutual respect, mutual empathy and mutual interests should guide this process and that the development of our relationship can only be based on mutual respect, ”Shringla said.

We hope that the Chinese side will work with us to improve our bilateral relations in the light of mutual feelings, aspirations and interests and to bring about a satisfactory solution to the current problems, ”he said.

China India border
China India border

India-China border disputes cover 3,488-km LAC, while China-Bhutan dispute covers about 400 km.

The new Land Boundary Act was passed amid continuing conflict between Indian and Chinese troops in eastern Ladakh.

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