National Education Day 2021: National Education Day is celebrated in whose honour? Learn History and Facts

National Education Day Facts: Maulana Abul Kalam Azad established the University Grants Commission in 1953. He emphasized on setting up of indian institute of science or IISc Bangalore.

National Education Day 2021: November 11 is celebrated as National Education Day (National Education Day) every year in the country. It is celebrated to commemorate the birth anniversary of India’s first Education Minister Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad made a significant contribution to the development of education in India while working as education minister in the first cabinet of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru from 1947 to 1958.

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was a scholar and freedom activist. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad belonged to the family of Afghan Ulema who came to India from Herat in Babur’s time. His mother was of Arabic origin and his name was Sheikh Alia Bint Mohammad. His father Maulana Syed Muhammad Khairuddin bin Ahmed al-Hussaini was a Persian man. Mohammad Khairuddin and his family left Calcutta in 1857 and went to Mecca during the first movement of Indian independence. Then, when Mohammad Khairuddin returned to India in 1890, Mohammad Khairuddin gained fame as a Muslim scholar in Calcutta. Azad was born on November 11, 1888 in mecca, the Ottoman Empire (now Saudi Arabia). Maulana Azad was not only a reformer, freedom fighter and scholar but also committed to building the nation through education. He served the country from 15August 1947 to 2 February 1958 as the first Education Minister of independent India.

National Education Day being celebrated since 2008

National Education Day was announced by the Ministry of Human Resource Development on 11th September, 2008. The Ministry recalled his contribution to education in India and decided to celebrate the birthday of this great son of India as National Education Day. It has been celebrated every year since then. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was awarded the Bharat Ratna in 1992 for his contribution as an educationist and freedom fighter.

National Edication Day apj Abdul Kalam day
National Edication Day apj Abdul Kalam day

10 Interesting Facts About Maulana Abul Kalam Azad’s Life on national education day

1. You will be surprised to know that maulana Abul Kalam Azad’s full name was Maulana Syed Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiuddin Ahmed bin Khairuddin al-Hussaini Azad. He was born on November 11, 1888. A well-known scholar and poet, he was one of the leading leaders of the Indian freedom struggle.

2. Maulana Azad was married to Zulkha Begum, a young Muslim girl, at the age of thirteen. He was close to deobandi ideology and wrote articles on other expressions of the Quran.

3. Maulana Abul Kalam azad was a man behind IIT and many major institutions of the country. He also studied philosophy, history and mathematics from gurus other than Islamic education. Azad achieved proficiency in Urdu, Persian, Hindi, Arabic and English languages.

4. Various programmes and campaigns are organized in the country on 11th November to spread awareness about education and make everyone literate.

5. During his tenure, he was one of the senior leaders of the Indian National Congress who established the National Education System. So, his primary focus was on providing free primary education.

6. But his biggest contribution to India is the gift of education. He was invited in 1920 and elected as a member of the Foundation Committee of Jamia Millia Islamia in Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh.

7. In 1934, he helped shift the campus of Jamia Millia Islamia to New Delhi.

8. As the first Education Minister of independent India, he was responsible for the establishment of the Central Institute of Education in Delhi. It later came to be known as the Education Department under the University of Delhi.

9. He established the University Grants Commission in 1953. He emphasized on setting up of indian institute of science or IISc Bangalore.

10. Indian Institute of Technology is the biggest contributor to the development of the country. The first IIT under his leadership – IIT Kharagpur – was established in 1951. He believed in the capacity of IITs and said, “I have no doubt that the establishment of this institute will be a milestone in higher progress. Technical education and research will get progress in the country.


Some wishes tweets on National Education day